Black list: 7 Components that Harm the Skin


We do not understand laboratory tests, it is better to refuse the use of any cosmetic products.

A huge arsenal of cosmetic products helps us to put ourselves in order today. We want to try everything and a little more, but unexpected undesirable reactions (even worse ─ health problems) inhibit our spiritual impulses and are increasingly forced to wonder “what’s in the jar?”. What supplements will not cause harm to the body, and which ones can be dangerous? We deal with this issue together with the doctor-cosmetologist Leila Ros .

Parabens (methyl-, butyl-, ethyl- or propylparaben)

Complex acids are also found almost everywhere, especially with regard to cosmetics – creams, serums, hair care, tk. have antibacterial and antifungal properties. The addition of this substance to the production delays the growth of bacteria and fungi in it. There is an opinion that parabens can accumulate in the body and shake the tuning of our hormonal system.

Do not trust the inscription “without parabens”. Most likely, there are parabens in this facility, but they were called in another way, because without preservatives any preparations can not be stored for a long time (cosmetics with harmless preservatives of vegetable origin cost an order of magnitude more expensive than the mass market). Parabens include substances such as metabutyl, propyl, methyl, butyl, isopropyl, and if any of them are present in the product, the parabens in it are accurately contained. To date, they have no alternative.

Phthalates (phthalates or DEP (diethyl phthalate), DnBP (di-n-butyl phthalate), DiBP (di-isobutyl phthalate)

Phthalic acid esters are used not only in industry (to give elasticity to plastic products that surround us everywhere), but also in cosmetics – for example, in nail polish and hair, in perfumery. By the way, plastic in the car – this is also phthalates: sitting behind the wheel of a brand new car, you can hear a specific smell. It was he who was nicknamed “the smell of a new car” – phthalate smells so. When the car is in the sun, its dashboard heats up and the substance begins to evaporate. In order not to inhale harmful couples, it is better to ride with an open window for a while.

Excessive amount of phthalates leads to hormonal disorders, infertility and oncology. It affects the reproductive function poorly, both women and men. We can not always guess that in this or that jar of cream, for example, this additive is contained, since Not every manufacturer indicates its content in the product (and they do it quite often). Therefore, adolescents and pregnant women need to be especially careful when using make-up, if possible, using natural and organic options.

Propylene glycol (propylene glycol)

Liquid odorless substance is obtained from refined products. Propylene glycol is widely used in the manufacture of cosmetics – thanks to this ingredient they penetrate deeper layers of the skin. The content of it in some product in small amounts does no harm to the state of health and skin, it does not. Despite the fact that propylene glycol is generally safe, it can cause allergic reactions. Therefore, when choosing cosmetics, allergy sufferers need to pay special attention to the content of propylene glycol.

Triclosan (triclosan)

This synthetic compound is actively used in the cosmetic field. There is much debate about him, trying to figure out whether this element really has a negative effect on the skin and the body as a whole, or the statement has no basis. Triclosan is an antimicrobial component: it stops the growth of microbes, bacteria and fungi in cosmetic products. It is added to toothpastes, deodorants, mouthwashes, detergents, antibacterial soap, shampoos, shower gels, detergents and cleaning products, as well as children’s toys, medical devices, shoes and even some types of furniture.

According to observations of cosmetologists, expressed a negative effect on skin and human health, triclosan does not have, but in significant doses can cause some harm. It all depends on what percentage of triclosan is contained in the drug. In Russia, the norm of its content should not exceed 0.3% for each individual product ─ in this ratio it is completely safe. But frequent use of products even with a normal content of triclosan can result in unpleasant side effects – dry skin, peeling. Therefore, one should not use antibacterial lotions or means for washing without special need.

Benzene (benzene)

Colorless liquid with a specific sweetish odor. It is a part of gasoline, widely used in industry, it is the raw material of various plastics, synthetic rubber, dyes, and also used for the production of medicines. Most often, benzene is found in cheap cosmetics. Refers to very toxic, carcinogenic substances. In large quantities causes allergy, poisoning, can lead to even a fatal outcome.

Aromatic perfume (fragrance / perfume)

To date, this is one of the most popular tools to attract attention to cosmetic products. Fragrances in the form of essential oils are safe to use, but if these are synthetic fragrances, it is necessary to understand what they are from. A large amount of perfume in a cosmetic agent often leads to allergic reactions.

At the very end of the 90s, the beauty world became acquainted with the “list of 26” ─ denominations of aromatic components, which are potential acute allergens. And the growing sensitivity of the skin from year to year leads to the fact that now many brands offer whole lines without aromatic fragrances (they are usually accompanied by a note “for sensitive skin”). Professional cosmetic products often either do not have a pronounced smell, or smell like medicines, because not flavored artificially.

Sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS,

Refers to surfactants (surfactants) and is widely used in the production of almost all detergents – shampoos, toothpastes, shower gels, dishwashing liquids. It is thanks to this component that the dirt, instantly dissolving, disappears. It is also introduced into the remedy to make it well washed and foamed, which means it was washed off more quickly.

The additive is harmful because with a large amount in the composition, it eliminates not only external dirt and fat, but also completely removes the hydrolipid protective film from the skin surface. As a result, it is highly dehydrated, dries and irritates. The excess sodium lauryl sulfate in shampoos leads to hair loss, if they are often used (because of the drying of the scalp hair follicles suffer greatly).

Vaseline (petrolatum, petroleum jelly, E905b)

The safest remedy, both of vegetable origin and obtained by refining. Vegetable petroleum jelly is more viscous and poorly absorbed, therefore, cosmetic products are most often injected with artificial petroleum jelly. It forms a protective barrier – a film on the surface of the skin, impermeable to water, and thus does not allow the skin to lose moisture (without actually possessing moisturizing properties). Thanks to this, skin regeneration and healing of microcracks are accelerated, a mechanical protective barrier is strengthened.

Vaseline can be used in the cold season, when the temperature drops below zero, especially in windy weather, but not very often. The film formed on the skin, clogging the pores, does not allow it to breathe, so frequent use of petroleum jelly is fraught with dermatological complications. Despite the fact that the use of Vaseline has no contraindications, in rare cases, it causes allergic reactions.